Normative Data and Developmental Characteristics of Hand Function
for Elementary School Children in Suwon Area of Korea: Grip, Pinch
and Dexterity Study
Yim, Shin Young
Cho, Ja Ryong
Lee, Il Yung
This study was designed to establish norms of hand function, and to identify developmental characteristics of hand function among the Korean children. 712 elementary school children participated in measurement of grip strength, three kinds of pinch strength, and dexterity. The hand strength of the Korean children appeared to be weaker than that of western children. The grip strength of boys was significantly stronger than that of girls in all ages for both hands. The order of magnitude of three kinds of pinch strength was, in descending order, lateral pinch, palmar pinch and tip
pinch for both boys and girls. There was no significant difference of hand function according to the type of hand dominance in boys. However, girls with left hand dominance showed weakness of bilateral grip, right tip pinch, and bilateral lateral pinch strength compared with girls with right hand dominance. In conclusion, this study provided normative data of hand functions including dexterity, and enabled us to identify some developmental characteristics of hand functions for the Korean elementary school children.
Keywords Hand; Hand Strength; Child; Korea
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